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Sarissae upright: the Macedonian phalanx advancing on the battlefield

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A nice detail from (I suppose) Oliver Stone’s film on the life of Alexander the Great. We mostly see on depictions, images, reconstructions etc, the Macedonian phalanx in battle contact with the enemy force, fighting it (e.g. in the well-known exquisite artwork by Johnny Shumate below). More

Climate may have contributed to end one of Antiquity’s most powerful civilizations

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Republication from  phys.org/

New research suggests it was climate-related drought that built the foundation for the collapse of the Assyrian Empire (whose heartland was based in today’s northern Iraq)—one of the most powerful civilizations in the ancient world.

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Τα επιμέρους τμήματα μιας πλήρους οπλιτικής θωράκισης και ασπίδας

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Στη σύζυγο μου Νέλλυ

Μια ενδιαφέρουσα εικόνα που παρουσιάζει τις ονομασίες των επιμέρους τμημάτων μιας πλήρους θωράκισης και της ασπίδας ενός οπλίτη. Πρόκειται για μετάφραση από την ίδια εικόνα που υπάρχει σε βιβλίο της Cassell publ.

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Varangians

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An interesting reenactment of Varangian warriors. Note their full-body mail cuirass. Creator and reenactment group unknown – felicitations on their work.

The term ‘Varangians’ was actually a generic term for the Byzantines, describing

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Mysterious Viking boat graves unearthed in central Norway

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Republication from Norwegian scitech news

The oldest grave is from the 8th century. But why were these two people buried together? (Illustration: Arkikon)

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Two people died roughly 100 years apart. Nevertheless, they were buried together. In boats.

In the second half of the 9th century, an important woman dies at the farm now known as Skeiet at Vinjeøra, in central Norway. Her dress is fastened at the front with two large shell-shaped brooches of gilded bronze along with a crucifix-shaped brooch, made from an Irish harness fitting. She is then placed in a boat, about seven or eight metres long. Grave goods are also buried along with body, including a pearl necklace, two scissors, a spindle whorl– and a cow head.

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New study examines which galaxies are best for intelligent life

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Republication from sciencedaily.com

Source:University of Arkansas

Giant elliptical galaxies are not as likely as previously thought to be cradles of technological civilizations such as our own, according to a recent paper by a University of Arkansas astrophysicist.

The paper, published May 1 in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, contradicts a 2015 study that theorized giant elliptical galaxies would be 10,000 times more likely than spiral disk galaxies such as the Milky Way to harbor planets that could nurture advanced, technological civilizations.

The increased likelihood, the authors of the 2015 study argued, would be because giant elliptical galaxies hold many more stars and have low rates of potentially lethal supernovae.

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