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Αρχαία Αθήνα: η πόλη με το μεγαλύτερο μήκος οχυρώσεων όλων των περιόδων

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Διάγραμμα του Ιωάννη Τραυλού (wikimedia commons) στο οποίο απεικονίζονται οι οχυρώσεις του αστικού συγκροτήματος Αθήνας-Πειραιά-Φαλήρου κατά την Κλασσική περίοδο.

Σε αυτό το διάγραμμα εμφαίνεται ένα γεγονός για τη λαμπρή πόλη των Αθηνών: πως πρόκειται για την πόλη με το μεγαλύτερο μήκος οχυρώσεων όλων των Περιόδων, από όσα γνωρίζω.

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Hoplite phalanx reenactment

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A fine reenactment of a hoplite phalanx by the Australian historical reenactment group Sidney Ancients. Kudos to them for their work.

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Architectural representation of Mari, Mesopotamia

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An architectural representation of Mari around 2400 BCE following the archaeological data.

Mari was a very important Semitic city-state in ancient Mesopotamia and within the state borders of modern-day Syria. Its remains constitute a tell located 11 kilometers north-west of Abu Kamal on the Euphrates river western bank.

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Genomic analysis shows long-term genetic mixing in West Asia before world’s first cities

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Republication from  phys.org/

A partial map of West Asia, which includes Anatolia (present-day Turkey), the Northern Levant, and the Southern Caucasus. An international team of researchers showed populations from Anatolia and the Caucasus started genetically mixing around 6,500 BC and that small migration events from Mesopotamia 4,000 years ago brought further genetic mixture to the region. The orange marker shows the route from Central Asia. DNA from a lone ancient woman revealed proof of long distance migration during the late Bronze age about 4,000 years ago from Central Asia to the Mediterranean Coast. Image Credit : Max Planck-Harvard Research center for the Archaeoscience of the Ancient Mediterranean

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New research on one history’s most important trading hubs provides some of the earliest genetic glimpses at the movement and interactions of populations that lived in parts of Western Asia between two major events in human history: the origins of agriculture and the rise of some of the world’s first cities.

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