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Zopyros’s heavy gastraphetes

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Detailed diagrams of Zopyros’s heavy gastraphetes (γαστραφέτης) by E. W. Marsden: general plan, side-elevation, front-elevation. The gastraphetes was an ancient Hellenic invention that nowadays is usually described as a crossbow. But actually, unlike the Roman and medieval European crossbow which

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How contemporary conflicts resemble the medieval wars in Scandinavian areas

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Republication from www.hf.uio.no ( University of Oslo)

“King Sverre’s march over the Vosse mountains” by Peter Nicolai Arbo (1862). Sverre was King of Norway from 1184 to 1202. Picture: Wikimedia Commons

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There are many ways in which to understand the new wars of today. One way is to look at the wars that took place in medieval times.

Most wars since 1989 have not been fought between states. The divisions associated with classical types of warfare – between soldiers and civilians, soldiers and criminals, war and peace – are not that clear anymore. Such as the present situation in Afghanistan.

In recent years, there has been a major international discussion among political scientists and anthropologists about how to understand new types of wars that have arisen since the Cold War.

The classical understanding of the term “civil war” is often imprecise when wars are fought across national borders. Instead, the term “new wars” has become more common among many experts and researchers.

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Stone-throwing catapult of Isidoros of Abydos

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Detailed diagrams of the Hellenic stone-throwing catapult of Isidoros of Abydos, by Marsden: general plan, side-elevation, front-elevation, cross-section (through center of A, K, Λ, M and N), inside elevation of N before fitting.

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The Making of PRC: The gradual territorial advance of Mao Zedong’s Red Army in China

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Four maps on the gradual territorial advance of Mao Zedong’s Communist Army (red colour) in China from 1946 to 1950, after bloody fighting against the Nationalist army and other local forces (white colour). The

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Camouflage technique from the past could have benefits in Today’s Warfare

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Republication from heritagedaily

Spartan APC Dazzle Camoflage

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Using the history of the past could help save lives in todays conflict.  Painting army vehicles with high contrast geometric patterns – ‘dazzle camouflage’ –  derived from past wars affects the perception of their speed and thus could make them less susceptible to rocket propelled grenade attacks, according to new research from the University of Bristol.

Warships in both the First and Second World Wars were painted with dazzle camouflage: startling geometric patterns aimed at confusing the enemy rather than concealing the vessel.  It was thought that such patterning would disrupt the enemy’s perception of a ship’s range, heading, size, shape and speed, thus reducing losses from torpedo attacks by submarines.  While there were good reasons to believe that these perceptual distortions occurred, the effectiveness of dazzle camouflage was never scientifically proven.

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How Computer Science Has Changed Warfare

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This is an interesting infogram sent to me by the U.S.  Top  Computer Science Degrees, which I thank for this contribution in my site (especially B. Miller). Enjoy it.

Modern-Warfare

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