Carnyx, the war trumpet of the Celts

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A fine reenactment of a Gallic warrior blowing a carnyx, the war trumpet of the Celts. The carnyx was a kind of trumpet used in warfare, probably to incite troops to battle and intimidate opponents, as Polybius recounts. Reenactor group uknown. Kudos to them.


Medieval arrows caused injuries similar to gunshot wounds

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Republication from smithsonianmag.com/

An arrow pierced the top of this man’s right eye and exited through the back of his skull. (University of Exeter)

New research demonstrates the immense power of the medieval English longbow


Taking an arrow to the head is a decidedly unpleasant way to die. Luckily, most modern humans are more likely to encounter these historical projectiles in a museum than on the battlefield.

A new study led by archaeologists from the University of Exeter clarifies just how destructive the English longbow could be, highlighting surprising similarities between injuries inflicted by the medieval weapon and guns of today.


5000 year-old sword discovered in Venetian monastery

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Republication from livescience.com

The sword was mistakenly thought to be medieval. It is now thought to come from eastern Anatolia and to be about 5000 years-old – one of the oldest swords ever found.
(Image: © Ca’ Foscari University of Venice/Andrea Avezzù)

A keen-eyed archaeology student made the find of a lifetime when she spotted one of the oldest swords on record, mistakenly grouped with medieval artifacts in a secluded Italian museum.

The ancient sword was thought to be medieval in origin and maybe a few hundred years old at most — but studies have shown that it dates back about 5,000 years, to what is now eastern Turkey, where swords are thought to have been invented, in the early Bronze Age.


Single-Edged Sword, Spears & Relics discovered in ancient cemetery

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Republication from  heritagedaily.com


Przeworsk culture spearhead and some artifacts from the period of Roman influence, found near Bielsko-Biała (Wikimedia commons)


Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology at the University of Kraków have made several discoveries of spearheads, clasps for fastening clothes, a richly ornamented spindle, iron needles, and a single-edged sword whilst conducting excavations of a graveyard site in Bejsce, Poland.

Researchers believe the site may be associated with the Przeworsk culture, an Iron Age society that dates from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD from central and southern Poland.


Römischer Schienenpanzer in Kalkriese – neuer Fund auf dem Schlachtfeld

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Von  kalkriese-varusschlacht.de

Illustration: Roland Warzecha


Wissenschaftler präsentieren Jahrhundertfund

Wieder einmal ist den Archäologen am Ort der Varusschlacht in Kalkriese eine sensationelle Entdeckung gelungen. Gefunden wurde ein römischer Schienenpanzer. Er ist annähernd vollständig und datiert in die Zeit um Christi Geburt. Der Kalkrieser Schienenpanzer ist somit das am besten erhaltene und derzeit älteste bekannte Exemplar dieses Rüstungstyps in der römischen Welt.

Schienenpanzer schützten den Oberkörper der römischen Soldaten. Sie bestanden aus Metallplatten und Schienen, die sich durch Scharniere und Lederriemen miteinander verbinden und dem Träger individuell anpassen ließen. More

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