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New study examines which galaxies are best for intelligent life

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Republication from sciencedaily.com

Source:University of Arkansas

Giant elliptical galaxies are not as likely as previously thought to be cradles of technological civilizations such as our own, according to a recent paper by a University of Arkansas astrophysicist.

The paper, published May 1 in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, contradicts a 2015 study that theorized giant elliptical galaxies would be 10,000 times more likely than spiral disk galaxies such as the Milky Way to harbor planets that could nurture advanced, technological civilizations.

The increased likelihood, the authors of the 2015 study argued, would be because giant elliptical galaxies hold many more stars and have low rates of potentially lethal supernovae.

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A detailed map of the Punic wars in Italy and Africa

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This is a detailed map of the Punic wars in Italy and Africa depicting the major land and sea battles, cities and towns involved, and the invasion of Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago in Italy that almost cost Rome her own existence. The third major theatre of the military operations of the Punic Wars was Spain.
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‘Modern’ Byzantine Architecture: Design by S. Calatrava for St. Nicholas Church at the World Trade Center, New York

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This is a design by the renowned Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava for St. Nicholas Orthodox Church at the World Trade Center, New York (credit: Santiago Calatrava LLC, Zurich). Calatrava is one of my favourite architects.

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Δημήτριος Αινιάν: Η άλωσις της Τριπολιτσάς

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Αναδημοσίευση από το ιστολόγιο Το καραβάκι της ιστορίας

[ΠΡΩΤΕΣ ΠΡΟΣΠΑΘΕΙΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΟΡΚΙΑΣ]

Όταν το σύνθημα της επαναστάσεως εδόθη πλέον καθ’ όλην την Πελοπόννησον, οι κατά τας επαρχίας αυτής Έλληνες επεχείρησαν αμέσως την καταστροφήν των εις τας πόλεις εκάστης επαρχίας Οθωμανών. Το έργον τούτο δεν ήτο πολύ δύσκολον· διότι ο αριθμός των Ελλήνων ήτο πολύ ανώτερος του των Οθωμανών· εκ των τελευταίων δε τούτων οι μεν προκαταληφθέντες ανέτοιμοι προς αντίστασιν παρεδόθησαν αμέσως εις την διάκρισιν των Ελλήνων, ή κατεσφάγησαν καταπολεμηθέντες, οι δε απεκλείσθησαν εις τα οποία κατείχον φρούρια και δέφυγον προς ώραν την καταστροφήν, παρεδόθησαν όμως ακολούθως. Αλλά το κέντρον της κατά την Πελοπόννησον Οθωμανικής εξουσίας, η Τρίπολις, δεν παρείχεν ουδεμίαν ελπίδα ταχείας υποταγής.

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Neolithic massacres: Conflicts in Neolithic Europe were more fierce that has been known to date

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Republication from  sciencedaily.com/

Source:University of Basel

Violent conflicts in Neolithic Europe were held more brutally than has been known so far. This emerges from a recent anthropological analysis of the roughly 7000-year-old mass grave of Schöneck-Kilianstädten by researcher of the Universities of Basel and Mainz. The findings, published in the journal PNAS, show that victims were murdered and deliberately mutilated.

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Golden Horde warrior

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An excellent reenactment of a warrior of the Golden Horde. Reenactor uknown, possibly from a Russian or a Kazakh reenactment group. Kudos to them.
The Golden Horde was one of the most important successor states of the Mongol Empire after its dissolution. The core area population was mostly of Turco-Mongol stock desceded mainly from the earlier Kipchak/ Cuman/Polovtsy tribal federation.
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