Ancient Asia Minor early 1st century BC

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A nice map in Italian of ancient Asia Minor in the early 1st century BC. Cilicia and “Asia” (that is West Asia Minor according to the ancient Greeks) are already Roman provinces. The Seleucid kingdom is no more an ’empire’. But most of all

Venetian expansion part II

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More maps on the Venetian territorial and commercial expansion. The first map notes the Venetian territorial expansion in North Italy and Dalmatia till 1509. The second image is a plan/depiction of the city in 1761.


Venetian expansion part I

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Maps on the Venetian territorial and commercial expansion.
The first map (Wikimedia commons) notes the initial Venetian territory (dark red color), annexations till the 15th cent (red), annexations till 1797 (light red), temporary annexations (pink), principal trade routes (yellow), main Venetian emporia and the hostile Ottoman Empire (green).


Exploring the Limes Germanicus… images from Rome’s Germanic Frontier (part one)


Republication from FOLLOWING HADRIAN.


From one end of the empire to another!

The Roman empire encircles the Mediterranean Sea, and beyond that, lay its frontiers. By the early 2nd century the empire was stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea, through the deserts of the Middle East to the Red Sea, and across North Africa.

The “Limes” represents the border line of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 2nd century AD. It stretched over 5,000 km from the Atlantic coast of northern Britain, through Europe to the Black Sea, and from there to the Red Sea and across North Africa to the Atlantic coast. The remains of the Limes today consist of vestiges of built walls, ditches, forts, fortresses, watchtowers and civilian settlements. The two sections of the Limes in Germany, Hadrian’s Wall and the Antonine Wall are now all inscribed on the World Heritage List as the “Frontiers of the Roman Empire”. (Source Unesco)

Limes Unesco © Carole Raddato

The Germanic Limes was a line of frontier fortifications that bounded the ancient Roman provinces of Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and Raetia, dividing the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes from the years 83 (under Domitian) to about 260 AD.

Upper Germanic & Raetian Limes

The Upper German-Raetian Limes extends to a length of 550 km between the Rhine
in the north-west (near Rheinbrohl) and the Danube in the south-east (near Regensburg). It consisted of about 900 watchtowers, numerous small forts and over 60 large forts for cohorts and alae (Roman allied military units). More a guarded border line than a military defence system, the Limes enabled traffic to be managed, movement of people to be controlled and goods to be traded and taxed.

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