This is an interesting infogram sent to me by the U.S.  Top  Computer Science Degrees, which I thank for this contribution in my site (especially B. Miller). Enjoy it.




How Computer Science Has Changed Warfare

War has gone from throwing a stone (ancient times) to pushing a button (now, and in the future).

Small Scale Conflicts

Bow and Arrow
The crossbow

The rise of infantry: European wars, The American Revolution, The Civil War

Muskets, guns
Machine guns

Mechanized warfare: (began about the time of WWI)

Land, air and sea combat
Suicide bombers
Big Bombs (Atomic Bombs, Weapons of Mass Destruction)
Germ warfare
Chemical warfare
Dumb bombs (unguided)
Guided missiles

Post nuclear age/computers
Smart bombs
Robot Drones
Lasers from outer space satellites

American War Deaths Through History

• American Revolution (1775-1783): 25,000
• The Civil War, 1861-65: 625,000
• World War I, 1917-18: 116,516
• World War II, 1941-45: 405,399
• Korean Conflict, 1950-53: 36,516
• Vietnam War, 1955-75: 58,209

A new era begins with:

• Afghanistan: 2001-?: 3395
• Iraq, 2003-2012: 4804

Future Wars Will Be…

• Mostly dominated by Robots, soldiers (special Ops) and cyborgs
• Autonomous and unmanned systems
• Smartphone piloted drones
• And the real battlefield will be in Cyberspace

Drones: The U.S. at War

355: Total number of known U.S. military drone strikes in Pakistan from 2004 to 2013.
120: Total number of known U.S drone strikes in Yemen between 2002 and 2013, according to the New America Foundation.
5: Members of the class of 2011 at the University of North Dakota who were the first in the United States to receive degrees in unmanned aircraft systems operations.
$26.16 billion: Amount of funding for UAS for Fiscal Year 2013.
$6.6 billion: Worldwide spending on unmanned aerial systems research and development and procurement in 2013.
$11.4 billion: Estimated spending on UAS research, development and procurement in 2022.
6: Proposed FAA test sites for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) research and test sites around the country.
327: Drone permits (called “certificates or authorization of waiver”) active in U.S. as of 2013.


10: percentage of internet servers, worldwide, shutdown in Nov. 1988 by an internet worm

Code Red: A July 2001 worm affects computer networks running a Microsoft operating system. Some websites disabled, including the White House site.

Titan Rain: Hackers, possibly backed by the Chinese military, steal sensitive military information. The attacks continued for 3 years.
Hack Attack: The email account of U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates is hacked July 2007. Officials blame China’s People’s Liberation Army.

In 2009:
• Israel attacked. 15 million junk emails per second paralyze Israeli computers.
• 1,300 computers in 103 countries, including government offices are penetrated by hackers based in China.
• The Dalai Lama is hacked.
• Iraqi insurgents hack into U.S. military drones
• FLAME malware is discovered. Flame can:
• Record Skype conversations, audio, keyboard activity, network traffic and screenshots. Has a kill command, wiping out all traces of itself.
• 9 U.S. banks hacked including the big ones: Bank of America, JP Morgan, Wells Fargo. The Islamic hacktivist group Izz ad-Din Al-Qassam Cyber Fighters (also called the Al-Qassam Brigades) takes responsibility for the attack.

2010-2011, Israel vs. Iran Nuclear Program
• Stuxnet virus sets back the Iranian program for years. Stuxnet kills. [2010]
• Duqu virus infects the enemy’s systems [Discovered in 2011]

The cyberwars, in other words, are already here.




Source of the infogram and articleTop Computer Science Degrees